Boutros Boutros-Ghali (14 November 1922 – 16 February 2016)
Boutros Boutros-Ghali (14 November 1922 – 16 February 2016) was an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN).
Boutros Boutros-Ghali was a descendant of one of Egypt’s Coptic Christian families, he received a bachelor’s degree from Cairo University in 1946 and a Ph.D. in international law from the University of Paris in 1949. He then held a professorship at Cairo University and lectured in international law and international affairs at various universities and institutes in the United States, Europe, India, the Middle East, and Africa.
As UN secretary-general from 1992, Boutros-Ghali vigorously supported UN mediation in post-Cold War strife. His term saw lengthy and difficult peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Somalia, and Rwanda. The United States, a permanent member of the UN Security Council, became dissatisfied with Boutros-Ghali’s independent leadership and successfully blocked his bid for a second term as secretary-general in 1996; his term ended in December of that year. From 2003 to 2006 he chaired the board of South Centre, an intergovernmental think tank for developing countries.
The World knows very well that Boutros Boutros-Ghali was the Egyptian official who was most associated with African countries. Even his nomination for the office of secretary-general of the UN was primarily supported by a number of African countries.
After leaving the UN, Boutros Boutros-Ghali headed the Organization Internationale de la Francophonie as its first secretary-general; he also chaired Egypt’s National Council for Human Rights.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali was one of the main sponsor for the ADA foundation and IDA supporter.
Boutros-Ghali passed away on Feb. 16, 2016, at the age of 93, in a hospital in Cairo after a fight against illness.